What we value and why varies across cultures. The classic thought experiment, the Trolley problem, asks a question that’s between a rock and a hard place.
MIT summed up the thought experiment in their article titled, “Should a self-driving car kill the baby or the grandma? Depends on where you’re from.”
In 2014, MIT researchers developed an experiment called “The Moral Machine.” The Moral Machine recorded 40 million decisions from millions of people in 233 countries. Participants answered how they would solve the Trolley problem.
Individualistic cultures (France scored the highest) are more likely to spare the baby. Collective cultures (Taiwan with the highest score) are more likely to emphasize sparing the elderly.